By Bill Warren, NOBTS
Question: What do we know about James, the head of the church in Jerusalem?
NOBTS Professor Bill Warren responds: Many people are called “James” in the NT since that was a popular name among Jews in the first century due to its OT roots. The NT name “James” comes to us by way of the Latin translation of the Greek word for “Jacob,” which is based on the Hebrew name of the patriarch Jacob in the OT.
Two different people named James were major figures in the church in Jerusalem during the first century.